10 Types of Malware and How to Get Safe?

0
1001
Bots and Botnets
Bots and Botnets

1: Ransomware

This is at number 1 in our list because ransomware is most dangerous right now in cyber attack world, it is a type of malware that can stop users from entering into a system or it’s data, and also delete or distribute data if a payment is not paid.

Ransomware
Ransomware

Thus it restricts a user from introducing to a file within encryption. If you think that once the demanded amount is paid your PC will be unlocked, then This is your biggest mistake, as there is no guarantee after paying the demanded ransom will restore your system and the data.

According to the McAfee Labs report, Ransomware attacks grow 118% in the year 2019. The ransomware attacks are now the most significant threat to the world.

Most ransomware today falls under two categories:-

  • Locker ransomware – It reduces the entrance to the computer or affected device.
  • Crypto ransomware – It simply restricts access to files and collecting data.

Although malware is continuously growing, therefore, there are simple stretches of ransomware that have been recognized and classified, including Cerber, CTB-Locker, TeslaCrypt, and CryptoWall.

How to get safe?

If your system is affected by ransomware attack, then there is only one way to recover your data fully, and that is your offline backup. If you don’t have full offline backup, then I m sorry right now.

Tip delete the whole hard drive and then recover it by using a recovery tool. And don’t write anything on the hard drive after infected by ransomware attack.

2: Trojan Horses

Trojan horses are the most popular type of malware. In this, the attackers pretend this malware as something beneficial, such as a specific offer or present, to infiltrate a computer system so that people would enter it without any hesitation.

Trojan Horses
Trojan Horses

Functions

This malware does if it gets into your system. It steals sensitive data, crashes your device, and gets your personal information, card information.

Mainly its blocks your anti-virus software, and it slows down your system. Therefore it’s very important to protect your system from this malware.

How to get safe?

  • A Trojan Horses can only enter a system if you gives permission to it.
  • Therefore it applies false information in downloads during the agreement section. If you download something accidentally delete it immediately.

3: Worms

 It is like a virus which can reproduce itself to affect other computer systems or device. But, it’s not similar to other viruses, a worm doesn’t require to be connected to a current program to attack. Worm can attach to file by itself and self-grow.

Worms
Worms

Functions

A worm can reduce your bandwidth, install backdoor or unnecessary software, and sometimes “eat up” all data files and systems files until the drive empty.

As you known worms don’t need any interference of the user to be issued or proclaimed, that’s why they are very complex to protect against and to get rid of computer systems.

How to get safe?

its prevention is quite complex, make your PC secure by activating the firewall, as it will simply limit or reduce network traffic, and unapproved users.

4: Adware

Now, we will discuss  the Adware, it is one of the types of malware attack that automatically passes notifications to a user to create wealth for its producer. Adware is mainly used in conjunction with spyware. Thus it can be done with the help of pop-up internet ads or ads inserted in the interface of a program.

Not only that even it also collects personal data and information through spyware, and several advertisements can be provided to the users. This malware penetrates the privacy of users and causes interruption of computer functionality and potency.

adware
adware

How to get safe?

You can simply prevent this malware by observing the website from where they are downloading the details because the unknown websites are general territories for adware.

5: Cryptojacking

Next in our list we have Cryptojacking attack, it is basically a type of malware in which attacker utilizes a victim’s computing capability to pit for cryptocurrency. We can say that Cryptojacking is illegal to use someone else’s processor to mining for cryptocurrency. Coin mining malware attack increases by 29%.

Hackers do this by both getting the victim to agree on a malicious link in an email that obtains crypto mining code on the computer or by poisoning a website.

Cryptojacking
Cryptojacking

How to get safe?

You can prevent Cryptojacking by installing an ad-blocking or anti-crypto mining extensions on your web browsers.

Also read: 20 Million User IDs Hacked From Android App Store and Published, Hackers Claimed

6: Spyware

Next in our list we have Spyware. It is accurately what you would imagine this malware intended to spy on and all collect information about the infected system. Moreover, it can be practiced to follow and monitor internet activity, find and obtain delicate information, and log keystrokes.

if your system affected with spyware, then the hacker can gain all the information, banks cards information, and the victims profiles of the companies.

Spyware
Spyware

How to get safe?

  • There is a pop-up window that can incorporate spyware just by agreeing on the link or window, or by unintentionally installing spyware to the computer.
  • Thus by withdrawing these links can stop an accidental download.

7: Malvertising

Next, we have in list Malvertising, it is a grip of the malicious advertising, and it is the use of advertising to develop malware.

It usually includes implanting malicious or malware-laden advertisements into authentic advertising networks and webpages.

Malvertising
Malvertising

Advertising is a great way to expand malware because a big effort is put into ads to create them attractive for the users to sell or advertise commodities.

Moreover, Malvertising gain profits from the reliability of the sites it is located on, just like as high-profile and popular news websites.

How to get safe?

You can only prevent this malware by Security researchers because it advises installing antivirus tools so that you can keep all software updated from time to time, consisting of the operating system, browsers, Java, and Adobe Flash.

8: Backdoor

Next, we have in list Backdoor, it is a secret method of circumventing standard authentication or encryption in a computer system, embedded device, or other parts of a computer. Backdoors are usually used to achieve remote access to a computer or obtain access to encrypted files. However, it can be utilized to gain access to, fraudulent, delete, or give sensitive data.

Backdoors can take the form of a private part of your program, for example, trojan horse, an individual program, or code in firmware and working systems, hence, backdoors is widely known.

Backdoor
Backdoor

How to get safe?

For preventing this malware, you must install a compelling antivirus with top-notch malware exposure and blocking abilities, for example, a firewall and a network monitoring tool.

9: Rootkits

After that, we will discuss Rootkit, a combination of malware that is designed to give unlawful access to a computer or area of its software, and usually masks its existence or the occurrence of other software.

The term rootkit is a combination of the two words “root” and “kit.” Originally, a rootkit was a collection of tools that enabled administrator-level access to a computer or network. Root refers to the Admin account on Linux systems, and kit refers to the software components that implement the tool. Moreover, Rootkit establishment can be automated, or the antagonist can advance it with official access.

Rootkit relocation can be complicated or nearly impossible, particularly when rootkits remain in the kernel. Thus firmware rootkits may need hardware replacement or specific equipment.

Rootkits
Rootkits

How to get safe?

The best way to prevent Rootkits is to avoid it to prevent from being installed software in the first place.

10: Bots and Botnets

At last, we have in list bots and botnets. It is a system or device that is contaminated with malware that enables it to be remotely managed by an attacker. The bot can be used to launch more cyber attacks or convert to a botnet that is a collection of bots.

Therefore, botnets are a conventional method for dispersed denial of service that is DDoS attacks, growing ransomware, keylogging, and increasing other types of malware.

Bots and Botnets
Bots and Botnets

How to get safe?

There are several things to consider such as Anti-Botnet tools, Software patches, Network monitoring, and user awareness.

10 Types of Malware

  • Ransomware
  • Trojan Horses
  • Worms
  • Adware
  • Cryptojacking
  • Spyware
  • Malvertising
  • Backdoor
  • Rootkits
  • Botnets

Final words

All companies will encounter the harmful effects of malware without protective measures. As per the information, cybercrime costs are predicted to overtake $2.5 trillion by 2019.

Among all the growing cybercrime landscapes, the organization must prepare for any possible danger, including cyber-attacks Ransomware attacks.

We try to decrease the increasing risks of cyber attacks, with a proper strategy to prevent your business or data from the victim of malware attacks.

Your feedback is very important to us. We hope this article is beneficial for you, and if you liked this, then do not forget to share this post with your friends & family and on your social profiles.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here